Supporters of the popular story that the Pyramids are evidence of a lost civilisation from the dawn of time consider the reaction all part of an ancient conspiracy.
Internet forums, books and doccumentaries all rage against the “old guard” for hiding the “truth” and refusing to take their ideas seriously.
Now, they have a pair of Indiana-Jones style heroes: Two German students who stole into the Great Pyramid to scrape away at an ancient cartouche.
The painted cartouche which named Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) is scrawled in a small compartment above his burial chamber in one of the three Great Pyramids at Giza.
Their idea is a popular one: That the Great Pyramids were merely “refurbished” by the Old Kingdom Pharaoh credited with its construction in the 26th Century BC. They argue the official dating of the Pyramids is solely based on the presence of the ancient red cartouche.
The two students from Dresden University recently took matters into their own hands: With Egypt’s political turmoil distracting security forces, the pair conspired to sample the red paint and smuggle the pigment out of Egypt.
They have since asserted the fragments support arguments that the construction of date of the Pyramids was much older than Khufu’s reign.
Accredited archaeologists dismiss the claim as a fanciful conspiracy theory.
"This is totally false and nonsensical," said Ahmed Saeed, professor of ancient Egyptian civilisation at Cairo University.
His body isn’t even cold yet and the New York times has already put out a shameful article declaring Nelson Mandela to be an “icon of peaceful resistance”. News outlets around the Western world are hurrying to publish obituaries that celebrate his electoral victory while erasing the protracted and fierce guerrilla struggle that he and his party were forced to fight in order to make that victory possible. Don’t let racist, imperialist liberalism co-opt the legacy of another radical. Nelson Mandela used peaceful means when he could, and violent means when he couldn’t. For this, during his life they called him a terrorist, and after his death they’ll call him a pacifist — all to neutralize the revolutionary potential of his legacy, and the lessons to be drawn from it.
Don’t fucking let them.
Okay, also wrong.
1) Nelson Mandela WAS an icon of peaceful resistance, but not in the simplistic way the NYT article (and, I’m sure, many that will follow) believe he was. You see, when Mandela was arrested in 1962, he was, indeed, the leader of the ANC’s armed forces. That is not a fact that people should forget.
However, when he started negotiations with the apartheid regime in the late 1980s, South Africa was in the midst of what was basically an undeclared civil war. Violence was everywhere and often very unfocused; don’t think for one second that it was all between anti-apartheid fighters against people upholding the apartheid regime. The deaths/beatings/tortures/rapes were largely civilian-focused, and everyone was hurting everyone else (with white-on-white, black-on-black, black-on-Indian, Indian-on-coloured, coloured-on-black, so on and so forth). For an example, Google anything about “necklacing”.
It was b a d.
In order for the country not to collapse completely, someone needed to emerge as a leader who favored political negotiation and peaceful tactics over the violence that was ravaging the country, and Nelson Mandela, whose release had been advocated for over the past few years, found himself thrust into that position to the point that he started negotiating for the fall of apartheid from prison. He did what he needed to do because any more violence would have completely destroyed South Africa. He chose ending apartheid over saving face with the already-emerging anti-apartheid politicians, chose negotiating with the enemies that he hated over seeing more of his people die because of an ego or power trip or an extreme ideology (see: most of the leaders of both sides at this point). He chose making peace over expressing his anger, or (an even bigger issue now), his racial/ethnic affiliation. If he isn’t an “icon of peaceful resistance” for this, I don’t know who is.
2) “He and his party” Hahaha no. There were different parties and different voices and different races who fought together against the regime, not just the ANC. The ANC is one part of a MUCH LARGER MOVEMENT, one that included the people who would become the DA (the ANC’s biggest political rival), one that included not only the black Africans (mainly Zulu) that the ANC represents but also the Xhosa and the Tswana and the Sotho and the Coloureds and the Indians and The Black Sash and the Jews. IT WAS NOT JUST THE ANC.
Also, the ANC is actually largely why the country is so fucked up right now, because the party wants to keep power over actually doing anything good for its people (see: President Robert “Yes I raped that lesbian HIV-positive AIDS activist but I’m getting acquitted because I’m in power and I’m not HIV positive because I took a shower afterwards” Zuma; see: President Thabo “yeah I committed crimes against humanity but come on hear me talk more about how HIV isn’t a real thing and what all my people are dying of AIDS because I refuse to provide any knowledge or treatment LALALALA I can’t hear you LALALA” Mbeki)
3) “Don’t let racist, imperialist liberalism co-opt the legacy of another radical.” Don’t let your ignorant, imperialist liberalism co-opt the legacy of a man who is recognized as an amazing leader of a country and continent seriously lacking them. Don’t let your lack of knowledge of contemporary African politics let you think for one goddamn second that praising someone’s violence is a good thing. Don’t let your Western all-blacks-are-same ideology not recognize the true radicalism in his ideology, which is that ethnic groups should not matter and people should work together regardless.
4) “Nelson Mandela used peaceful means when he could, and violent means when he couldn’t.” Hahahaha take this, reverse it. He started violent and ended peaceful.
5) “For this, during his life they called him a terrorist,” Nope. They called him a terrorist because he fought against the apartheid regime, and the apartheid regime was allied with the West during the Cold War. He would have been a terrorist regardless of the amount of violence he actually used.
"and after his death they’ll call him a pacifist" Yep. Because he was (kind of) in the end. Although the Truth & Reconciliation Commission was totally Desmond Tutu’s brainchild, so don’t listen to anyone crediting him with that.
"All to neutralize the revolutionary potential of his legacy," hopefully by now you realize that if you mean "revolutionary" to mean "violence is okey-dokey" you are full of shit. His revolutionary act was to be a Xhosa leading a largely Zulu resistance-cum-political party; his revolutionary act was to negotiate with a racial/ethnic enemy. His revolution rested in whom he dared to talk to, not whom he dared to hurt.
"and the lessons to be drawn from it." Yeah, the wrong lessons will be drawn from it, but not for the reasons you think. People will just think his thought process was "peace at any cost" instead of "w o w having a violent revolution was a super stupid idea because everyone is dying. Let’s take a different approach that doesn’t involve my wife directing her own band of assassins and me being imprisoned for almost 30 years that sounds grand".
An Actual Fucking (Half) South African
P.S. This is still super-simplified (I could literally spend hours explaining all the ins and outs of apartheid/the anti-apartheid movement/Mandela himself), but I think it does its job at least somewhat okay.
Thank you for bringing the info-smackdown! I was pretty sure the OP was wrong, but don’t know enough to debunk off the top of my keyboard.
My bro is going to college soon and he wants to be an anthropology major. What career paths can an anthropology major pursue? He never wants to talk to me about that stuff and I'm pretty curious.
Anthropology is a pretty diverse field. In America, there are four subfields (cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, linguistics, and archaeology). Elsewhere archaeology and linguistics tend to be their own discipline. Actually, even in America linguistics is its own discipline. Linguistic anthropologists just approach linguistics from a more socioanthro perspective. But anyways, because anthropology is pretty broad, that’s a lot of things he can do with the degree.
You can of course go the traditional route. If he decides he likes the cultural aspect the best, he can go out into the field and maybe either join an organization to help those demographics or become a scholar. Overall, being a professor is the “traditional” route.
Careers for cultural anthropologists:
working at organizations (the UN, conservation programs, human rights, etc)
working in companies (consultants for marketing)
research (usually hired by companies to study demographics)
working with the military (very controversial)
working in hospitals (more for medical anthropologists)
public and global health (also more for medical anthropologists)
economics and business (for realsies)
political science (again not joking)
Careers for biological anthropologists:
bioarchaeologist/paleoanthropologist (coincides with archaeology)
curator/museum conservation (also coincides with archaeology)
forensics (more for forensic anthropologists)
medical examiner (usually need an MD depending on place)
coroner (no MD required. for most places it’s an elected post)
digger of human bones (see also archaeologist)
paid spelunker with expectation to find and study human bones (see also archaeologist)
research (either in universities, museums, hospitals, research facilities, etc for stuff like human evolution research, preservation, epigenetics, human life histories, etc)
libraries/museums for translating awesome stuff (like balls old religious text)
i know there’s more but i honestly can’t think of any right now
Careers for archaeologists:
professional dirt lover
some archaeologists are also geologists but prefer archaeology more
lots of archaeologists are also biological anthropologists
CRM (cultural resource management) basically working for companies and letting them know that they probably shouldnt recklessly dig up that place bc that’s sacred. also called heritage management in the UK
curator (preservation work (mummies and bog bodies!), historian, research)
underwater archaeology (i think that’s hella cool man)
I know there’s a lot I forgot, but anthropology is a really broad field (sometimes, imo, it’s too broad). It’s more of a matter of tailoring his major for his specific interests, getting the internship/work experience in his relevant field, and building the connections/network system needed for employment. That’s the difficult part. Anthropology is literally one of those majors you can do anything with but you can just very easily do nothing with it. Best of luck for your brother!
Thanks for all the likes so far everyone! The contest is only open until Sunday Dec. 1, and I would really appreciate it if you could help me out even more! If you haven’t voted for my photo yet, please follow the above link, and click “Like”! Thanks!